Setting Up or Starting Up a FM Radio Station

Even though the information in this guide deals with a New Zealand example, lots of the points are relevant in other countries.

When you come to setting up as well as starting up a FM flat earth radio station, you have two very different alternatives. The first choice is to apply for a full power commercial FM licence. This type of license allows you to broadcast over a large area. The particular drawbacks with a full power FM license are it is often a complicated process, that no frequency may be accessible in the area you wish to broadcast, and that ongoing fees apply.

Alternative is to starting up a low power FM radio station. In Completely new Zealand, there are no ongoing fees to operate this type of rail station – however you do need to pay nominal annual fees to be able to APRA and RIANZ for music royalties. You do must ensure however that your transmission equipment is compliant with Radio Variety Management regulations. Additionally , as is the case with any broadcast station, all your broadcasts need to comply with the Broadcasting Behave. Fundamentally this means your broadcasts must be in good tastes. The advantages that a low power FM radio station have more than a commercial station is that is is much less expensive to set up at the outset, your likelihood of finding a suitable frequency are much higher, as well as far fewer ongoing costs.

When operating a low strength FM station, you need to determine who your audience will be. If you are broadcasting in an area where there are already a number of homeowner commercial stations, you may enjoy more success by transmissions niche programming that appeals to an audience not at the moment served by the full power FM stations. Alternatively for any person located in a more rural area or town, you then have the opportunity to set your station up as the local alternative to what is previously available. Generally a local station competing against a section being beamed in by satellite from one of the major centres will attract a great deal of local community support.

When it comes to setting up or simply starting up a low power FM radio station, you need to bear in mind these kinds of points. The studio space should ideally be far from external sources of noise (i. e. not located beside a construction site), and should be a small room. Greater rooms tend to generate echo that can get down the particular microphone and on air. When it comes to the equipment, there are a few specialist things you will require. These include the transmitter and antenna system, any limiter / compressor, a unit to balance the music, as well as a device to enable you to take phone calls on air. In addition , ideally your station will also have a mixing desk, microphones, headphones, CD player, audio cables, a computer system and also radio automation software. You will also need licenses from APRA and RIANZ that cover your music royalty responsibilities. For the most basic setup however , it is possible to make do with simply the transmission device and antenna system and your music licenses.

In Innovative Zealand, people broadcasting on a low power FM schedule must use transmission equipment that meets spurious emission limits, and which has a maximum power output of 500mW. While this is a fraction of the power that a full power business radio station would broadcast at, provided you have a very good site and the antenna is mounted correctly, you can appreciate coverage of up to 10 square kilometres. The frequencies you could broadcast on are 88. 1 – 88. several FM and 106. 7 – 107. 7 FM. The factor that has the greatest influence on how far your current broadcast will go is the height of your antenna – the greater, the better